Based upon the specifications of the International Standards Organization (ISO) and ICAO, which is responsible for standardizing travel documents, please find below the most important requirements for photograph while submitting passport or visa application.
The quality of the photograph appearing on the passport depends on the photograph that is submitted at the time of applying for a passport. The passport seekers are, therefore, advised to submit the photographs, as specified, to avoid delay in processing their passport applications.
Paste only ONE COLOUR Photograph as per the specifications given
The photograph size should be 2 inch x 2 inch (51 mm x 51 mm) not older
than three months, no uniform, with white background with DARK DRESS and frontal view. Ears, eyes open, forehead to chin to be completely visible, no shadows on the face and neck, no reflections on the glasses
The photo-print should be clear and with a continuous-tone quality.
It should have full face, front view, eyes open.
Photo should present full head from top of hair to bottom of chin, ears,
neck, and shoulders to be clearly visible.
Facing forward and looking straight at the camera
The background should be a plain white.
There should not be any distracting shadows on the face or on the background.
Showing their full head without any head covering, unless they wear one for religious beliefs or medical reasons.
The expression on the face should look natural.
Not showing any 'red-eye'.
It should have been taken within the last three month
Basic Photograph GuidelinesLighting on face and background
The light should be even and balanced to avoid shadows on the face
Background behind the face should be properly illuminated to Avoid shadows in the background
Photograph Print Properties
The photograph should be in size 2 inch x 2 inch (51 mm x 51 mm)
and in color
Print photo on thin photo paper or stock
Ensure the print is clear and has a continuous-tone quality.
Do not retouch or otherwise enhance or soften the photo.
Resolution and Printing Quality
High-resolution photography and printing are strongly recommended.
Both conventional and digital photography are acceptable, and conventional or digital printing methods may be used
Resulting print should exhibit a continuous-tone quality regardless of the print method used (dye sublimation, ink jet, Laser, etc.)
Digitally printed photos should be produced without visible pixels Or dot patterns
Fine facial features should be discernible.
Be printed to a high quality, such as photos printed by a booth or studio (photographs printed at home are unlikely to be of a high enough quality)
Be clear and in sharp focus
Contrast and Color
Brightness and contrast should be adjusted to present the subject and
Photos without proper contrast or color may obscure unique facial features.
Color should reproduce natural skin tones.
Fluorescent or other lighting with unbalanced color may cause unwanted
color cast in the photo.
Appropriate filters can eliminate improper color balance.
Head & Eyes- Position and Background
Head should face the camera directly and should not tilt or turned (portrait style).
Photo must show both edges of the face clearly
The eyes must be open, level and clearly visible and must not be covered by hairs or eyeglass frames
Spectacles or Eyeglasses
Glare on eyeglasses should be avoided with a slight upward or downward tilt of the head.
No tinted or dark glasses
Free from reflection or glare on glasses , and frames must not cover eyes (we recommend that if possible, glasses are removed for the photo)
Head coverings and head gears
Head covering are not permitted except for religious and medical reasons
Facial features from bottom of chin to top of forehead and both
edges of the face must be clearly shown.
Head gears (e.g. Arabic head gear) which are not part of Indian culture are not allowed for passport application even if their current passport is having the same photograph. However the
same can be accepted for visa application.
Accepted head covering are for Male Sikhs, Muslim Ladies and Muslim Male Maulana's for passport photographs. This is not applicable for applicants applying for Indian Visa.
In case of head coverings for medical reasons, relevant medical documents and approval from Embassy of India, Abu Dhabi or Consulate General of India, Dubai need to be provided along with the passport applications.
Prospective applicants wearing white Kandhoora then the photograph background needs to be light blue in color.
Exposure and Lighting
There should not be any overexposure or under-exposure which results in an unusable photo.
There should be a three-point balanced lighting. Facial features should be clearly evident in the photo
Lighting should be adjusted to avoid shadows on the face or background. Diffuse sources of light, such as umbrella lights, are preferable to point sources.
Flexibility in Children's' photographs
Children under ten years of age - requirements can be somewhat relaxed in Respect of height of the face and the position of the eyes in the photographs;
New Born Babies and Infants - the position of the face, the facial expression, the eyes and the line of sight can have some relaxation. However, a frontal photograph with clarity is required for children. It should show the child alone (no chair backs, toys or other people visible), looking at the camera with a neutral expression and the mouth closed.For New Born babies Ears, forehead and chin to be completely visible. Eyes should be open. No kajal marks on face are allowed.
Do's and Don'ts for a Proper photoDOs
The photo should capture full face, front view, with eyes open.
The head should be in the centre of the frame.
There should be no distracting shadows on the face or background
The photo presents full head from top of
hair to bottom of chin; height of head should measure 1 inch to 1-3/8 inches (25 mm to 35 mm).
Make sure eye height is between 1- 1/8 inches to 1-3.
Expression of the face should be natural ( no grinning, frowning or raised eyebrows)
Head should be in the center of the frame and both ears should be visible.
Do not paste black and white photographs
Photograph in computer print will not be accepted
Photograph is NOT to be signed
Eyes must not be covered by hair.
Photograph should not be damaged, for example: torn, creased, or marked.